Rajaji National Park is one of the most popular national parks of India that is sprawled in the Shivalik ranges near the foothills of the mighty Himalayas. It is sprawled in the area of 202,630 acres in three districts of Uttarakhand – Haridwar, Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal. This famous national park is merger of three wildlife sanctuaries of Uttarakhand into one namely Chilla Wildlife Sanctuary, Motichur Wildlife Sanctuary and Rajaji Wildlife Sanctuary.
The Rajaji National Park has been named after C. Rajagoplachari (Rajaji), prominent freedom fighter and the second & last Governor General of independent India. He was awarded in 1954 with India’s highest civilian award “Bharat Ratna”. This park is an excellent example of marvelous Ecosystem nestled in the scenic Shivalik ranges of mighty Himalayas. The park is known for the highest concentration of wild elephants in the entire Uttarakhand.
Flora in Rajaji National Park
The Rajaji National Park is known for rich and varied flora making perfect haven for different species of animals and birds. It is known for excellent, varied and diverse ecosystem. There are six kinds of forests in the park – Sal Forest, Mixed Forest, Scrub Forest, Sub-tropical Pine Forest, Riverine Forest and Grassland.
Fauna in Rajaji National Park
The Rajaji National Park is known for rich and varied wildlife attractions and fauna. There are 23 species of mammals in the park. The park also possesses 315 species of birds. The park has largest population of elephants and a good number of tigers & leopards. The rich flora and fauna of this park attracts a large number of wildlife enthusiasts, eco-friends, nature lovers and wildlife conservationists.
Major animals found in this park are Asian Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Wild Cat, Indian Hare, Barking Deer, Sambar, Indian Langur, Sloth Bear, Jackal, Himalayan Yellow-throated marten, Goat-like Goral, etc. Commonly seen birds in the park are Pea Fowl, Kingfisher, Barbet, Pheasant, Woodpecker, etc supplemented by a number of migratory birds during the winter season. Reptiles found in the park are Common Cobra, King Cobra, Common Lizard, Monitor Lizard, Python, etc.
Other Attractions in Rajaji
Jeep Safari: Jeep Safari is the most convenient ways to explore the forests of Rajaji National Park. It is the way to feel the excitement of wildlife viewing and bird watching. Safaris are organized by the authorities of Rajaji National Park.
Best Time to Visit Rajaji
The ideal time to visit the Rajaji National Park is the periods between months of October to March.
How to Get There
Air : The nearest Airport is at Dehradun situated at only a few km from the northern boundary of the park.
Rail : Haridwar and Dehradun are two convenient railway stations to arrive in Rajaji National Park.
Road : The Park is easily accessible from town like Dehradun, Haridwar, Rishikesh and Delhi. Dehradun-Delhi Highway runs along the northern boundary of the park.