The Facts about Yoga: Yoga is a life-journey. One cannot learn & understand it just in a few days, weeks, months or even in some years. It requires certain disciplines and practice to know & learn about yoga. All depends upon our practice.
There are 3 types of yoga practitioners as mild, medium & intense & so are the results & effects of practicing yoga.
Yoga is a science of human mind and consciousness. If we have a pure and disciplined strong mind we could be a very good Yogi and can achieve our desired aim or things in life. The purpose of learning all different types of yoga is to be pure & free. Realization or to know the TRUTH & PEACE of mind is the ultimate aim of Yoga.
It maintains the balance in our thoughts, thinking, and everyday actions. On our jobs, services, businesses,Yoga keeps us calm, cool, stress-free, and balanced. As a result we make right decisions working with full capacity & continuity at our work. An undisturbed mind does more and more perfect & excellent work. It also does miracles in life. As its byproducts we can get a good health by regularly practicing Yoga postures, breathing exercises, concentration and Meditation. With a healthy and strong mind we can keep up our body healthy, energetic and free from all kinds of physical and mental sicknesses. Yoga gives us physical, mental and emotional balance in life. Remain balanced in any walk of life that is what we nedd at present time
Yoga- an introduction: The word Yoga comes from the Sanskrit root “Yuj” which means to “to join” Yoga is the science that teaches us the method of uniting the individual soul with the supreme soul, of merging the individual will in the cosmic will. It is an exact science. It is the discipline of mind, senses & physical body. It helps the student/disciple/practitioner to attain perfect concentration of the mind, moral excellence, bliss & peace of the mind. Indeed Yoga is the attainment of the highest divine knowledge through conscious communion with God. It direct & focuses the mind in the desired single direction. The Indian traditional system of Yoga is based on Maharishi (the great sage) Patanjali’s Raj-Yoga / Ashtanga Yoga (eight-fold path) is the 1st definitive, unified & comprehensive system of yoga aiming at greater self-control over the senses, better disciplining of body & breathing & higher conditioning & concentration of mind & intellect for deeper realization of innate qualities & powers has been imagined & embraced by many
Yoga is an asset of our ancient Indian sages. In classical yogic texts like Hath yoga pradipika, Gheranda Samhita & Siva samhita etc. we find notes casting light on the health promotive, disease preventive ,curative and rehabilitative values of different yogic practices. The classical references relating to the various prophylactic and therapeutic potentialities of yogic practices are further corroborated by traditional schools of yoga which have been serving the public of the areas around the different parts of the country. According to ancient Indian Texts Yoga was revealed by Lord Shiva is similar to The GITA. When the soul withdraws from the body, sense organs & sense objects & concentrates on the God, it gets absorbed in Samadhi characterized by a state of truth, consciousness & bliss (sachchidananda). Then the practitioner’s posture automatically becomes stable & his breathing normal. In mythical tradition, Lord Shiva, the symbol of supreme consciousness is said to be the founder of Yoga & Parvati his first disciple represents supreme knowledge.
Yoga is skill in action – (‘Yogah karmasu kaushalam’).It brings harmony in body, mind & soul. (‘Samatwam Yog uchyate’). Maharishi Patanjali tells Yoga is restraining the mind stuff (Chitta) from taking various forms (vrittis) i.e. Yoga is the control of thought waves in the mind. (‘Yogashchittavritti nirodhah’). You can unfold latent faculties & develop physical, mental & divine powers. The whole mystery of Nature becomes an open book to you. It bestows on you energy, vitality, vigor, strength, confidence& self-reliance.
The chance of better life lies in a proper mind-set, attitudinal transformation & value orientation of people. Spiritual strategy & methods of meditation are considered to be the most effective & enduring means of positive change in the self & society.
Different types of Yoga:
1. Jnan yoga: is experienced by the knowledge of the Atman/soul known by the pure knowledge.
2. Bhakti Yoga: is practiced by prayers, chanting & repeating the mantra or the name of the God is an easy & simple way of Yoga.
3. Karma Yoga: is practiced by selfless action.
4. Rajayoga: eight-folded yoga or Ashtanga Yoga.
5. Hatha Yoga or Kundilini Yoga: awakening of the Kundilini Shakti (the serpent power) by the union of vital force/ Prana in these two Naadis (channels) that is Pingala & Ida Naadis (Ha =Sun,right nostril, Pingla Naadi & Tha=moon, left nostril, Ida naadi) & send / channelize it through Sushumna naadi upwards unto crown chakra.
The Eight Limbs of Raja Yoga
Compiled by the Sage Maharishi Patanjali in the Yoga Sutras (aphorisms), the Eight Limbs are the highest authority on Raja-yoga, a progressive series of disciplines which purify the body and mind, ultimately leading the practitioner to enlightenment. These 8 limbs are:
1. Yamas- or restraints are divided into 5 moral injunctions, aimed at destroying the lower nature, should all be practiced in mind, speech & action.1 Ahimsa (non-killing) 2. Satya (truthfulness) 3.Brahmacharya (continence)4. Asteya(non-stealing)5. Aparigraha (non-receiving).
2.Niyamas- or observances are :1.Saucha(internal and external purification) 2. Santosha(contentment) 3.Tapas(austerity)4.Swadhyaya (study of the sacred texts) 5.Ishwara Pranidhan (worship of God).
3. Asanas– Postures (Posture is that which is firm, pleasant & relaxed.)
4. Pranayama– Controlling the motion of the exhalation & inhalation.
5. Pratyahara- withdrawal of the senses in order to still the mind.
6. Dharana– concentration is holding the mind on to some particular object. ( Dharana and the next 2 steps constitute the internal practice of Raja Yogais also called Internal Yoga.)
7. Dhyana– Concentration is an unbroken flow of thought in that object.
8. Samadhi- (absorption) the super-conscious state is the deepest and highest state of consciousness where body and mind have been transcended and the Yogi is one with the Self/object/God.
Meditation (Dhyan) practices increase the awareness of one\\\\\\\'s mental processes including the thoughts, emotions, memory etc. It develops faith, self confidence, awareness & attentiveness in the mind. It can make one aware how the constant restlessness at the level of mind contributes in the feeling of emotional stress feeling of constant fear and Insecurity. This increased awareness combined with the manipulative techniques of Dhyana practices gradually restores the psycho-physiological functions back to its healthy, harmonious and balanced state. The regular practice of meditation keeps the mind calm, peaceful, free from all anxieties, worries & restlessness. It keeps the mind free from fear, doubts, unwanted endless thoughts & thinking.
Benefits of Yoga: Physical & mental therapy is one of Yoga’s most important achievements. It has succeeded as an alternative form of therapy in diseases such as in all sorts of digestive disorders, arthritis, asthma, diabetes, hypertension/high blood pressure, mental disorders, obesity, backache and other ailments of a chronic & constitutional nature where modern science has not. According to medical scientists, yoga therapy is successful because of the balance created in the nervous & endocrine systems which directly influences all the other systems & organs of the body.
For most people, however, yoga is simply a means of maintaining health & well being an increasingly stressful society. Yoga, the way of life is an experience which cannot be understood intellectually & will only become true living knowledge thru self-practice & experience.
The yogic diet is a vegetarian one, consisting of pure, simple, natural foods which are easily available, digested and promote health. Simple meals help the digestion and assimilation of foods. Nutritional requirements fall under five categories: protein, carbohydrates, minerals, fats and vitamins. One should have the knowledge of dietetics up to some extent in order to balance the diet. Eating foods first-hand from nature, grown in fertile soil (preferably organic, free from chemicals & pesticides) will help ensure a better supply of these nutritional needs. Processing, refining and overcooking destroy much food value.
The Sun is the all source of energy for all life on our planet; it nourishes the plants (the top of the food chain) which are then eaten by animals (vegetarian), which are then eaten by other animals (carnivores). The food at the top of the food chain, being directly nourished by the Sun, has the greatest life promoting properties. The food value of animal flesh is the lower source of nutrition, and is inferior in nature. All natural foods as fruits, vegetables, seeds, nuts and grains have, in varying quantities, different proportions of these essential nutrients. As source of protein, these are easily assimilated by the body. However, the non vegetarian foods are more difficult to digest and are of less value to the body\\\\\\\'s metabolism. Dairy products, legumes, nuts and seeds provide the vegetarian with an enough supply of protein Yogic diet is even more selective than the regular one. The subtle effect the food has on the mind and astral body, therefore the yoga practitioner should avoid foods which are overly stimulating, preferring those which render the mind calm and the intellect sharp. One who seriously takes to the path of Yoga should avoid taking meats, fish, eggs, onion, garlic, coffee, alcohol and drugs. Gradually make the change in your diet. Start by substituting larger portions of vegetables, grains, seeds and nuts & fibrous diet until finally all flesh products have been completely eliminated from the diet.
Diet plan during & after the yoga course: Health is wealth. A good health leads to a happy & peaceful life. A healthy body has a healthy, balanced, peaceful & right decision making mind & brain that always takes the person in right direction & shows the right path in life. Therefore we must ever be alert & attentive about our food, food habits & life style. There are 3 types of the diet-plan as eliminative, soothing & constructive-diet. For the total benefit of the Yoga course the students should try to cleanse the physical and mental body in advance, during the course and after the course to live and maintain a perfect healthy life.
There are certain rules & regulations regarding the food/diet that we take daily. What we eat, when we eat & how we eat, a detailed study, discussion & practical experience will be taken during the course.